Paramilitary Rescue Units

Main tasks of the PRU are:

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a) In peacetime:

to take measures to maintain preparedness of the PRU to fulfill tasks;

to use, place and upgrade armaments, vehicles and other material and technical means, purposed for search rescue and recovery and other emergency operations;

to participate in prevention and mitigation of emergency situations;

to participate in preparation of personnel and equipment to prevent and mitigate emergency situations, as well as instruct the population in the matters of civil defence;

to participate in scientific and research and development efforts to create, test and introduce new technical means for protection of the population and territories, material and cultural assets during emergency situations, as well as for development of technologies for carrying out of rescue and recovery and other emergency operations;

b) During mitigation of emergency situation in peacetime:

To carry out radiological, chemical and nonspecific bacteriological (biological) reconnaissance in the emergency zones, as well as on routes to such zones;

To carry out rescue and recovery and other emergency operations to take under control and mitigate natural disasters and man-caused emergency situations in the Russian Federation, as well as in foreign countries with which the Russian Federation has agreements;

To carry out sapper operations, connected with defusing of aerial bombs and land mines, as well as humanitarian demining;

To carry out sanitization of the population, decontamination of building and structures, special sanitization of vehicles, equipment and territories;

To carry out delivery of cargo to emergency zones, including delivery of humanitarian aid to foreign countries;

To supply the hit population with provisions, water, necessities, other material means and services, accommodation and temporary shelters, as well as render first aid to the hit population;

To evacuate the population, material and cultural assets from emergency zones;

To carry out repair operations of essential services;

To cooperate with troops (forces) and means of the federal executive authorities in anti-terror activities;

c) At times of war:

To carry out radiological, chemical and nonspecific bacteriological (biological) reconnaissance in the sites of rescue and recovery and other emergency operations, as well as on routes to such zones;

To provide entrance for civil defence forces in affected areas, contamination zones and catastrophic floods;

To carry out sapper operations, connected with defusing of aerial bombs and land mines, as well as humanitarian demining;

To carry out sanitization of the population, decontamination of building and structures, special sanitization of vehicles, equipment and territories;

To evacuate the population, material and cultural assets from affected areas, contamination zones and catastrophic floods;

Mitigation of aftermath of use of weapons of mass destruction;

To participate in operations dedicated to provision of territorial defence and administration of martial law;

To carry out repair operations of essential services;

Use of the PRU in peacetime is determined by the Minister of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (hereinafter the Minister) and at times of war it is determined by the President of the Russian Federation.

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The President of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Russian Federation direct the PRU.

The Minister directs the PRU:

a) central subordination – directly managed by the Minister;

The competencies of the Minister concerning the direction of the PRU are established by the President of the Russian Federation.

b) regional subordination – the PRU is managed through the regional centers for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters.

The Board of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia and the Military Council of the PRU examine the most important questions of the PRU activity.

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Structural unit

Quantity

1

The PRU Management Body – the structural unit of the Central Office of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters

1

2

The PRU Management Body – the structural unit of the regional center for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters

8

3

The PRU Management Body – the structural unit of the body that it is commissioned to fulfill tasks in the matters of civil defence, prevention and mitigation of emergency situations in the region of the Russian Federation

83

4

Rescue Center

10

5

Aircraft and Rescue Center

8

6

The PRU Support Body – the structural unit of the National Crisis Management Center

1

7

The PRU Support Body – the structural unit of the Crisis Management Center of the Regional Center for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters

8

8

Center for support of Management Centers of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters

1

9

The federal higher education institution – The Civil Defence Academy of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters

1

 

The joint group of the Paramilitary Rescue Units of the Emergencies Ministry of Russian consist of 7,230 servicemen, including 4460 servicemen in Rescue Centers. 439 servicemen and 130 units of equipment take over the watch daily.

The group consist of 10 Paramilitary Rescue Units of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia

The Leader Center for High-Risk Special Rescue Operations

The Noginsk Rescue Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia

The Tula Rescue Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia

The Nevsky Rescue Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia

The Don Rescue Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia

The Volga Rescue Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia

The Ural Rescue Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia

The Siberian Rescue Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia

The Amur Rescue Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia

The Kamchatka Rescue Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia

8 Aircraft and Rescue Centers:

Zhukovsky Aircraft and Rescue Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia

Aircraft and Rescue Center (The Southern Regional Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia)

Krasnoyarsk Aircraft and Rescue Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia

Khabarovsk Aircraft and Rescue Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia

Aircraft and Rescue Center (The Volga Regional Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia)

Aircraft and Rescue Center (The Ural Regional Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia)

Aircraft and Rescue Center (The Northwestern Regional Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia)

Aircraft and Rescue Center (The North Caucasian Regional Center of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia)

Additionally, the service is also available in the Central Office of the Emergencies Ministry, Regional Bodies of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia, the Civil Defence Academy of the Emergencies Ministry, the National Crisis Management Center, territorial Crisis Management Centers of the Emergencies Ministry.

The Paramilitary Rescue Units of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia were trained to fulfill the tasks in the matters of the civil defence.

By the order No.604 of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia from 17 October 2011, the Statutes of the Federal State-Owned Institutions (8 Regional Rescue Centers) that regulate the management, organizing of activity, funding, reorganization and liquidation.

The efforts were organized to introduce changes into orders of the Emergencies Ministry, methodological and reference documents, teaching aids.

The measures taken to train, recruit the servicemen, supply the necessary equipment and instruments to the Paramilitary Rescue Units of the Emergencies Ministry allow fulfilling corresponding tasks in peacetime in any region at a stated time.

Recruitment of specialists in the matters of the civil defence, protection of the population and territories against emergency situations is carried out by hiring graduates from the state  higher educational institutions of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia, recruitment of specialists of other professions is carried out by hiring of gradates from other federal state higher educational institutions.

Recruitment of soldiers, sergeants and sergeant-majors that serve on the volunteer contract basis is carried out in accordance with rules, established for the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in accordance with the Federal Laws No.61-FZ “On Defence” from 31 March 1996 and No.53-FZ “On military duty and military service” from 28 March 1998.

Recruitment of servicemen for the PRU that serve as conscripts is carried out in the order established by the federal laws and other legal acts of the Russian Federation.

The PRU also recruits employed personnel, size of which is determined by the President of the Russian Federation.

Training of the PRU is carried out in accordance with programs and plans for training of personnel, approved by the Minister.

Paramilitary Rescue Units of Ministry of Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters

According to the decision of the President of the Russian Federation from 4 January 2009, the efforts to reorganize the civil defence forces into Paramilitary Rescue Units of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters consisting of 7230 servicemen.

Following legal acts and regulations were issued:

No.223-FZ Federal Law from 27 July 2010 „On introduction of changes in several legal acts of the Russian Federation“;

Edict No.1265 of the President of the Russian Federation from 30 September 2011 ”On Paramilitary Rescue Units of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters” (hereinafter The Edict);

Governmental regulation No. 1113 of the Government of the Russian Federation from 23 December 2011 “On introduction of changes in several legal acts of the Government of the Russian Federation concerning the matters of organization of activity of Paramilitary Rescue Units of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters”;

Order No.704 of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia from 28 November 2011 “On introduction of the Edict No. 1265 of the President of the Russian Federation from 30 September 2011”;

The reorganization of the civil defence forces into the Paramilitary Rescue Units of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia had been finished in 2011.

The Edict No.1265 of the President of the Russian Federation from 30 September 2011 provides for:

Formation of the Paramilitary Rescue Units of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (hereinafter the PRU) on the basis of current military units and reorganization of civil defence forces;

Ratification of these units;

Approval of the Statute of the PRU;

Structure and composition of PRU.

The level of strength of the PRU units is established at 7230 servicemen and 17 220 people of employed personnel.

The PRU are purposed for protection of the population and territories, material and cultural assets against dangers occurring due to military operations or as an aftermath of these operations, as well as due to natural disasters and man-caused emergencies, including abroad of the Russian Federation. The PRU is a component part of the civil defence.

 

In accordance with the No.61-FZ Federal Law “On defence” the PRU can be engaged into special operations in the matters of civil defence.

Provision of activity of PRU

The PRU is funded by the budget appropriations, included in the federal budget for the corresponding year.

Special, logistic an technical supply of the PRU is carried out in accordance with rules and regulation established by the Emergencies Ministry of Russia.

Purchasing and supply of the armaments and special military vehicles, ammunition, special equipment for provision of activity of the PRU is carried out by the Emergencies Ministry in accordance with the No.61-FZ “On defence” from 31 May 1996, No.213-FZ “On the state armament contracts” from 27 December 1995, No.94-FZ “On placing of contracts for supply of goods, performed works, services for state and municipal needs” federal laws and legal acts issued in accordance with following federal laws.

The servicemen of the PRU receive all benefits, rights, compensations and social protections as the servicemen of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.