1993-1994

1993

January, 1993 – rendering of humanitarian aid population of warring republics of the former Yugoslavia. By decision of the leadership of the Russian Federation a separate automobile group of GKChS of Russia was formed for the purpose of deliver of provision and other humanitarian cargo to regions, suffered form consequences of armed conflict.

January, 1993 – leaders of governments of CIS countries signed the Agreement on interaction in the field of prevention and liquidation of consequences of natural and man-caused emergencies in Minsk.

In 1993 – for the purpose of coordination of activity of ministries and authorities of the Russian Federation on main directions of functionality of Russian Emergency Response Service at GKChS of Russia the following commission were created:

- interdepartmental anti-flood commission (resolution No. 307-r of February 25, 1993, of theGovernment of the Russian Federation);

- national commission of the Russian Federation on conducting of international decade of UN on decrease of dangerous of emergencies (resolution No.26 of January 15, 1993, of the Government of the Russian Federation);

- interdepartmental commission on attestation of salvage and rescue formations, rescuers and educational institutions on their training (resolution No. 507 of May 30, 1993, of the Government of the Russian Federation);

- interdepartmental commission of the Russian Federation on fire control (resolution No.643 of July 12, 1993, of the Government of the Russian Federation).

March 1, 1993 - resolution No.178 «On creation of local systems of warning systems in areas of location of potentially dangerous objects» of the Government of the Russian Federation was adopted.

April, 1993 – rendering of humanitarian aid to the population of Russian-speaking communities of Dukhobors in Republic of Georgia. By instruction of the Government of the Russian Federation GKChS carried out the operation on delivery of humanitarian aid to one thousand and half Russian-speaking population of Dgavakhetia living in several settlements on the level of 2500 m above sea level. Inhabitants of these settlements are united by religious of Dukhobors. Automobile column of GKChS consisting of 50 cars headed by V.I. Bashkircev delivered 100 tones of diesel fuel, 60 tones of petrol, 6 tones of wear and foot-wear to the community of Dukhobors. 168 people took part in this unique operation.

April 6, 1993 -salvage and rescue operations in radiochemical plant of Siberia chemical industrial integrated plant in Tomsk-7 (Seversk town now).

April 14, 1993 - liquidation of consequences of a large fire in engine plant of JSC «KAMAZ» in Naberezhnye Chelny (Republic of Tatarstan). By the order of the Soviet of Ministers of the Government of the Russian Federation for the purpose of rendering of aid to "KAMAZ" in liquidation of the fire consequences in the plant, GKChS of Russia formed and forwarded the brigades of specialists for dismantling оf reinforced concrete and metal constructions. V.V.Zamaraev, A.I. Kopeikin, A,B, Martynov and other took part in the fire consequences liquidation.

May, 1993 – the Russian Federation entered the International organization of civil defence (MOGO).

May, 1993 –Supreme Soviet of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic adopted the Law «On social protection of citizens subjected to the radiation exposure due to the accident in 1957 in «Mayak» production and radioactive waste discharge into Techa river».

May 8, 1993 – by Order No.693 «On civil defence» of the President of the Russian Federation the leadership of civil defence was imposed on the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation.

May 9, 1993 -salvage and rescue operations in the place of the crush of aircraft YaK-52 fallen on residential areas in Nizhny Tagil town during conducting of air festival. 17 persons died, 18 persons suffered.

May 11, 1993 – on presentation of GKChS of Russia , by Resoulution No. 444 of the Government of the Russian Federation the Federal system of seismological observations and earthquake forecasting was created.

June, 1993 - rendering of humanitarian aid to population of Tkvarcheli town in the zone of Georgia-Abkhazian conflict. On the 14th of June the Instruction of the Government of the Russian Federation to the address of GKChS about decision of all questions on delivery of humanitarian aid and population evacuation from the zone of conflict was signed. Delivery of humanitarian cargo performed by automobile column of regiment of civil defence consisting of 30 KAMAZs, 3 buses PAZ and 2 ambulance cars. The column went out from Noginsk in Moscow region. During the operation that lasted for 5 days in severe conditions, 2 thousand 965 people were taken out form the zone of conflict, 438 tones of humanitarian cargo were delivered. From the January to June of 1993 there was performed the two-stages operation on delivery of provisions and medicaments to Sikhumi, Tkvarcheli and Ochamchiri. Simultaneously with the main humanitarian action the delivery of 20 tones of provisions and medicaments to Gagry town by forces of operative group of GKChS of Russia. Total more than 5 thousand people were evacuated from the zone of Georgia-Abkhazian conflict. Sergey Shoigu led the operation. Y.L. Vorobyov, S.I.Kudiniv, L.S.Radun and other participated in the operation.

June 14, 1993 - liquidation of consequences of failure of dead earth dam of Kiselevo water basin near Serov town in Sverdlov region. 6.5 thousand people suffered from the flood. 1.5 thousand died. Total material damage was 63 billion of rubles. Rescuers managed to evacuated 3 thousand 700 people, about 300 people were taken from the roof. N.I. Loktionov led the operation on liquidation of the dam failure consequences.

August 13, 1993 -salvage and rescue operations in the place of the accident of train with fuel oil near settlement Kungur of Perm region. As a result of the accident there was a leakage of more than 800 tones of oil products, 430 tones fell into Sylva river.

September, 1993 – by decision of the Soviet of the heads of government of CIS states the International soviet on natural and man-caused emergencies was founded.

October, 1993 – GKChS of Russia together with Ministry of Health of Russia and other interested federal ministries and organizations accepted the Regulations for network of observations and laboratory inspection of civil defense of the Russian Federation that was recognized a constituent part of Russian Emergency Response Service and started to perform tasks on radiation, chemical and biology (bacteriological) protection of population at emergencies.

November, 1993 – an agreement between GKChS of Russia and Administration on coordination of humanitarian matters of UN about support of operations on rendering of humanitarian aid was signed.

By the end of the year 1993 subsystems of Russian Emergency Response Service had existed in all republics and regions of the Russian Federation (except for Chechen and Ingush Republic).

In 1993, total 1 thousand 159 emergencies were registered on the territory of the Russian Federation, including 905 man-caused emergencies, 127 of natural and 27 of biology and social nature, 18 thousand people suffered, 1 thousand 320 people died.

1994

January 10, 1994 – By Decree No.66 «On structure of federal executive bodies» of the president of the Russian federation, GKChS of Russia reorganized into Emergency Control Ministry of the Russian Federation (MChS). Functions of the State Committee on social protection of citizens and rehabilitation of territories suffered form Chernobyl and other accidents and the Committee on conducting underwater works of special purpose were also given to it.

January 20, 1994 – Sergey Shoigu was appointed the Minister of Emergencies of the Russian Federation by Decree No.171 of the President of the Russian Federation.

January, 1994 - search and rescue operations in the place of the crush of aircraft TU-154 in the area of settlement Mamony in Irkutsk region. 130 passengers were on board. Group of rescuers consisting of 20 persons flied out to the place of the crush. A.D. Legoshin led search and rescue works, P.Staritsky, V.A.Vasilyev and other also participated in them.

February 15, 1994 – by resolution of the Soviet of Ministers – the Government of the Russian Federation the Center for special purpose (Center «Lider») consisting a part of Civil Defence Force, intended for improvement of efficiency of response to emergencies, providing of independence of work of operative groups of Emergency Control Ministry, and other ministries and organizations involved into conducting of measures in zones of emergencies, including for urgent execution of salvage and rescue a engineering works of special complexity in hard-to reach locations with landing of rescuers and cargo.

February, 1994 - salvage and rescue operations in the place of an accident in JSC «Akron», as a result of which a leakage of chlorine occurred. 35 persons were hospitalized with burns of respiratory tracts.

April 20, 1994 – by Order No.155 of the Emergency Control Ministry of Russia the Museum of Civil Defence of UUSR was reorganized into the Central museum of Emergency Control Ministry of Russia.

May-September, 1994 – delivery of humanitarian aid for Rwandese refugees on the territory of Tanzania and Zaire by auto transport group of Emergency Control Ministry of Russia. Russia was one of the first countries that responded to the call of UN to the world community about immediate help to Rwandese refugees. On the 21st of May in the capital of Tanzania Dar es Salaam heavy transport aircrafts AN-124 with trucks and support equipment landed. Performed the 1200-kilometers marsh in three days the specialists of Emergency Control Ministry of Russia unfolded a camp and started to work. For the first four months of humanitarian operation the transportation of bridge construction for passage of refugees to safe territory, more than 30 thousand refugees were transported, and also 12 thousand tones of provisions and other humanitarian cargo. V.A. Vostorgin led the delivery of the humanitarian aid. At execution of the operation employees of the 11th separate automobile regiments. K.Reiter, V.V.Divruk, D.T.gataulin, A.A.Aryaev, and also rescuers A.D.Legoshin and V.D. Legoshin distinguished themselves especially.

May 6, 1994 – by Resolution No. 457 of the Government of the Russian Federation the regulationa for Emergency Control Ministry of Russia was approved.

June, 1994 – the first Russian competitions of search and rescue services of Emergency Control Ministry of Russia were spent in Prielbrusie.

June, 1994 – evacuation of Russian citizens from the zone of armed conflict in Republic of Yemen. In June the armed conflict between the North Yemen and People Democratic Republic of Yemen became sharp. The decision on conducting of evacuation of Russian citizens from the zone of the conflict was taken. The First Deputy Minister of Emergencies of Russia Yuri Vorobyov performed the overall leadership, Valery Shuikov was appointed the head of operational group. Together with the Russian people citizens of CIR countries and other foreign countries were delivered to Moscow. It was the first operation when specialized forces and facilities of the Russian Federation on equal grounds participated in a rescue operation together with the French military contingent. Total about thousand people were evacuated.

July, 1994 – expedition to the area of loss of nuclear power submarine «Komsomolec», in what leading scientific and production organizations of Russia and also scientists and specialista form IAEA and Norwegian Administration of radiation protection took part. During the expedition radiological, oceanologic and biology-ecological researches were conducted. There were mounted the plugs in the fore end of the submarine for prevention of possible emission of radioactive materials into environment.

July, 1994 – liquidation of consequences of failure of overflow dam of Kiselyovsk water basin in Sverdlovsk region. About 250 houses and 12 industrial enterprises of the town occurred to be in the flood zone.

August, 1994 – the first international exhibition «Sredstva spasenia-94» laid the foundation for its annual carrying out took place on the territory of Russian exhibition complex in Moscow. More than 100 native organizations and companies presented their exhibits.

August 7, 1994 – conducting of salvage and rescue operations in the area of failure of dam of Tirlyansk water basin in Beloretsk district (Republic of Bashkortostan). More than two thousand people were evacuated.

September, 1994 – evacuation of population from the area of disastrous flood caused by typhoon «Melisa» in Primorski Krai. More than one thousand people were rescued and evacuated by the forces of pontoon-bridge crossings were constructed, Emergency Control Ministry of Russia, washed- out automobile roads were recovered.

September 22-27, 1994 – the first international exhibition of special technical, firefighting, protective and medical facilities used at liquidation of consequences of accidents and disasters and also medical treatment facilities for suffered persons. (Moscow).

October 4, 1994 – liquidation of consequences of an earthquake on islands of Yugnokurilsk ridge measuring 9 on the Richter scale in the epicenter. The operational group headed by Deduty Minister Valery Vostrotin fied out form Moscow the zone of disaster. Upon arrival the rescuers started immediately to search alive people in heaps. More than 1 thousand 500 people suffered from the disaster. 11 persons form them died, 32 got hurts, 288 families lost their homes. As a help 482 houses of container type, 1 thousand 100 tents, 10 mobile power plants, provisions and other material and technical resources were delivered to Sakhalin region. Rescuers of «Centrospas» brigade R.V.Seliverstov, R.V. Stroganov, V.D.Legoshin, D.V.Kondrashov, A.A.Kiyashko took part in the earthquake consequences liquidation.

November 3, 1994 – by Resolution No.1207 of the Government of the Russian Federation the Federal target program «Development of the federal system of seismological observations and earthquakes forecasting for the years 1995-2000» was approved.

November 15, 1994 – State expertise of projects of Emergency Control Ministry of Russia for implementation of state control in the field of prevention of emergencies on supposed to construction of potentially dangerous objects was created.

December 21, 1994 – the Federal Law No.68-FZ «On protection of population and territories against natural and man-caused emergencies», that became the main instrument of control both in the field of prevention of emergencies, risks decrease, and in the questions of liquidation of consequences of accidents, catastrophes and disasters was adopted.

December, 1994 – for providing of organization of operational duty, accumulation, processing and display of information, information support of taken decisions on prevention and liquidation of emergencies the Control Center of Emergency Control Ministry of Russia was reorganized into the Control center for emergency (CUKS) with providing subdivisions and complex of technical facilities of automated management information system of Russian Emergency Response Service. A.P. Rudyuk was appointed the head of the CUKS in February 1995.

In 1994 total 1 thousand 495 emergencies were registered on the territory of the Russian Federation, including 1 thousand 97 man-caused emergencies, 225 of natural and 173 of biology and social nature.