Some 300 firms and organizations, including Emergency Ministry’s universities have presented technical innovations, modern equipment and robotics at the exposition of the ISSE 2018. The innovative equipment is designed to make safety automated, which means reliable and smart.
Several firms demonstrated different modifications of UAVs: from small drones to large ones. Such a diversity is connected to their growing popularity and that they can be used in different areas. All Emergency Ministry’s divisions have drones and actively use them for monitoring, assessing and checking situations, to make photos and videos, and to look for the missing people. As of today, the Emergency Ministry has some 1,600 UAVs. Last year Ministry’s drones made over 17,000 flights, including 3,500 flights to respond to emergencies.
One more promising area is innovations in firefighting: special equipment, fire retardants, fireproof materials. All of those technologies are designed to minimize the risk for firefighters and to make their work more effective.
Employees of the Emergency Ministry’s Udmurtia Directorate demonstrated TROPA 4, a robot for dry powder suppression. It is designed to put out the most complicated fires at storing facilities of energy industry, oil products and storehouses. The robot has crawler track and can travel on rugged terrain, rail tracks and in tunnels. It can work independently for 2 hours, while TROPA 3P indirect fire attack robot along with firefighting, is also capable of transmitting a video to the operator, who operates the robot from a safe distance. It can put out an interior fire of up to 400 cubic meters.
Fire Inspector robot was very interesting for both children and adults. It is programmed to share any useful information on safety. It has a built-in display and can show pictures and videos, talk to people, recognize and remember faces.
In addition to equipment already in use, the exposition also displayed some promising projects. One of them was a sectional rescue device for evacuation of the injured designed by the Emergency Ministry’s Ural Institute of the State Fire Service. Its purpose is to evacuate people from public places, when a lot of people need to be rescued. Specialists got rid of one of the most important flaws of current rescue devices (aerials, chutes, ropes) – low speed of rescue operations. The device is a set of consecutive homogenous sections looking like funnels. This form allows higher capacity and it can be installed at any crane-type equipment.
Scientists of the Emergency Ministry’s Civil Defense Academy showed a model of a new device for suppressing peat fires deep underground. It can loosen a peat layer and discharge water into furrows using a set of nozzles. It can spray water both horizontally and deeper underground to make it reach the seat of fire.
Employees of the Emergency Ministry’s Siberian Fire and Rescue Academy demonstrated virtual reality technologies used for training specialists in fire investigations and inspections. Using special 3D goggles and augmented reality a trainee gets into a simulator of emergencies created in interactive laboratories. Such a model of practical sessions increases the specialists’ level of training.