Minister of Emergency Situations Vladimir Puchkov has today held a themed conference call at the situations room of the National Crisis Management Center to discuss steps that should be taken by the Emergency Ministry and the Russian Single Disaster Management System to get ready to spring floods 2017.
An analysis of emergency situations caused by spring floods in 2013-2016 has revealed a number of problems and flaws in preparatory activity and in response operations.
This is why the 2017 plan of actions will take into account the experience got during response to a devastating flood in Far Eastern Federal District in 2013, flooding of settlements in Siberian Federal District and in Krasnodar Territory and Rostov Region in 2014, spring floods in Northwestern, Volga, Ural and Siberian Federal Districts and a massive flood in Maritime Territory in 2016.
According to a preliminary forecast made by the Emergency Ministry’s Antistikhiya Center, unfavorable flooding conditions are forecast in 6 regions of Siberian Federal District (Altai Territory, Altai Republic, Kemerovo, Novosibirsk, Tomsk and Omsk Regions), 11 regions of Volga Federal District (Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, Mari-El, Mordovia, Udmurtia and Chuvashia, Kirov, Nizhny Novgorod, Orenburg, Samara and Saratov Regions) and 3 regions of Ural Federal District (Kurgan, Sverdlovsk and Tyumen Regions).
Ice jams capable of causing massive flooding are forecast in 22 sections of rivers (the Lena, Lyutoga, Kirenga, Tom, Chusovaya and Sukhona).
If the scenario turns out for the worst, more than 6,000 settlements may be located in the flooded area.
At present, each of the regions has risk mitigation and response plans to get ready to the 2017 flood season in advance and in the most efficient way.
Operations have been planned and are now in progress to weaken ice in order to minimize the impact of spring floods. There are 155 sections of ice that should be cut that are more than 359 km long. More than 200 areas ice of more than 19 square km that are planned to be blackened. There is more than 200 tons of explosives to blast ice on 323 areas that are more than 760 km long. In-channel operations are planned to be carried out on 339 sections of rivers more than 550 km in length. Bank protection operations are going to be conducted on 117 sections that are more than 214 km long. Icebreakers are going to cut through more than 760 km of ice.
There is a team of forces and equipment provided by the Russian Single Disaster Management System and which includes more than 704 thousand people, more than 160 thousand pieces of equipment, 510 aircraft and about 13 thousand pieces of watercraft.
Space monitoring of emergency situations is supposed to be actively used. More than 3 thousand flood-prone areas will be watched and more than 6,000 pictures are planned to be taken during the flood season. 5 reception stations of the Emergency Ministry and 6 ones of the Russian Weather Service are going to receive the data. Flood areas are planned to be examined from the ground and the air. The thickness of snow cover is going to be measured additionally and waterways are going to be closely watched during spring and flash floods.
“I am asking you to check once more all data of space monitoring, organize cooperation with all ground-based services, model situations and take all necessary steps in advance,” Mr. Puchkov said.
He ordered tighter control over spring floods and reminded that senior officials have personal responsibility for implementation of all planned preventive measures and work with population.
“Strict implementation of planned measures will help minimize negative effects of floods on People and areas in Russia,” the Minister added.
He also ordered that all services included in the Single State Disaster Management System should run spring flood drills and exercises.
“Plan to have large-scale flood drills in the first ten days of March,” Mr. Puchkov said.
He stressed that all vital services must work with no failures.
“People must get their pensions, medical services, children must go to schools, all social infrastructure must operate stably. We must be able to ensure normal functioning of the society during spring floods,” the Minister concluded.
Emergency Situations Minister orders tighter control over flood management