The Tsentrospas State Central Airmobile Rescue Team of Russian Emergencies Ministry was established by the order of the Government of the Russian Federation from 13 March 1992.
The main objective of the unit is the rapid response to emergency situations, caused by nature or man-cause emergencies, rendering of aid to people, as well as saving production capabilities.
The Tsentrospas team operates around the clock. The headquarters of the unit is situated near the Ramenskoye Airfield. The most advanced special equipment at disposal of the unit allows carrying out efficient search and rescue and recovery operations in earthquakes, floods, man-caused disasters and etc.
The unit provides around the clock preparedness of rescuers, transport vehicles and equipment for rapid and efficient actions aimed at rescuing of human lives, saving of production capabilities in any point of the Earth. Preparedness to respond to an emergency situation on vehicles is 30 minutes, on helicopter is one hour, on a airplane is 3 hours.
Objectives and activities of the Team
The Tsentrospas Team was established in order to fulfill emergency response functions set to the Emergencies Ministry of Russia.
The main objective of the team is the rapid response to natural disasters and man-caused emergencies and their mitigation, rescue of human lives, recovery of material and cultural assets, minimizing of damage to the environment.
The Tsentrospas Team is included into:
Forces of the Russian National Emergency Humanitarian Response Corps (by the Order No.1010 of the Government of the Russian Federation from 13 October 1995).
Federal constant preparedness forces of the Single State Disaster Management System (by Order No.924 of the Government of the Russian Federation from 3 August 1996)
Head of Tsentrospas Team Kirill Borodin:
“I’m proud of people who are working in the team. We have the best specialists here. Many of them I know more than 20 years, we are all friends here, we can say that we christened each others children. By the way, many of our specialists children are serving in the team now, we have several dynasties. When you rescue people, you feel that you are being useful. This spirit, adrenalin keeps the people in the team. If you love your profession, you won’t change it ever”.
The Team carries out following activities (functions) based on the tasks of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia at the expense of the federal budget:
- Around the clock duty and maintaining of constant preparedness of rescuers and other specialists of the team, including the rescue equipment, transport vehicles, communication equipment and life-sustenance equipment for rapid response to emergency situations and their mitigation;
- Rapid deployment of rescuers and other specialists of the team;
- Fulfillment of responsibilities as customs applicant during customs registration of the equipment and consumables, which are temporary brought in to mitigate an emergency situation abroad of the Russian Federation;
- Organizing and carrying out of top-priority search and rescue, recovery, preventive and other emergency operations in emergency zones in accordance with the Certificate for the right to conduct rescue and recovery and other kinds of operations in emergency zones issued to the Tsentrospas Team, including the use of aircraft for reconnaissance in emergency zones; conducting of operations featuring air rescue technologies, as well as airmobile insertion of rescuers;
- Deployment in emergency zones and provision of functioning of communication equipment, management, lifesustenance and maintenance of rescue equipment in the field conditions;
- Evacuation of the injured featuring the helicopter and plane assets;
- Medical activities in accordance with the issued license, including: rendering of first aid in emergency situations to the injured, deployment and provision of functioning of the airmobile hospital of the Tsentrospas Team; medical follow-up of search and rescue teams on duty, on drills and training gatherings, as well as during mitigation of emergency situations; provision of preventive medical support and after-operation rehabilitation of rescuers and other specialists of the Team;
- Carrying out trial operation and testing of new prototypes of rescue and recovery equipment on the instructions of the Russian Emergencies Ministry, including development and manufacturing of accessories necessary for the testing;
- Organizing of primary training and professional development of rescuers of Russian Emergencies Ministry, firefighters and other specialists of organizations controlled by the Emergencies Ministry, including conducting of internship, seminars, theoretical and practical exercises, trainings, drills and training gatherings;
- Professional training of employees of the team in the field of rescue and certification of rescuers to First Class Rescuer Degree.
Following services were established on the base of the Team:
- Center for internship and professional development of rescuers, specialists of the search and rescue units of the Russian Emergencies Ministry;
- Center for testing and certification of rescue and recovery equipment and technologies;
- Service Center for technical maintenance and repair of rescue and recovery equipment and instruments of Emergencies Ministry;
International activities is carried out in accordance with the yearly Plans for International Cooperation of Russian Emergencies Ministry;
Since 1 July 2011 the Team certified in INSARAG (International Search And Rescue Advisory Group).
In 2016 the Tsentrospas Team proved its “major-unit” class in the INSARAG system. There are less then two dozens of such units in the world. This is why rescuers from other countries and young specialists undergo training programs and education based on the Tsentrospas guidelines.
The Tsentrospas has airmobile hospital at its disposal. In 2016 the hospital was included into the Global Emergency Medical Team Registry of the World Health Organization. This proves that the Tsentropas’ airmobile hospital meets all WHO standards and that the Tsentrospas specialists are ready to render highly qualified medical aid in emergency and disaster zones. In December 2016, the airmobile hospital was deployed in Syria. The Russian specialists rendered high-tech medical treatment to more than 1,500 people, who were affected by terrorist attacks and gunning. At the end of the humanitarian operation, the Emergencies Ministry donated the airmobile hospital to the Syrian doctors.
Vehicles and equipment
The Tsentrospas Team has at its disposal modern rescue and recovery equipment, which includes transportation vehicles, rigid modular boats, inflatable boats, diving equipment (diving suits, one-piece diving suits, Falcon unmanned submarines), equipment for response to chemical caused emergencies (isolating suits, breathing apparatuses, degassing complex, chemical and radiation contamination control equipment). The Team also has different kinds of rescue equipment (hydraulic, pneumatic), search equipment (radar, acoustic, video surveillance, GPS), insertion equipment (parachutes, P-7 multi-parachute insertion platform, PGS-100 platforms), as well as communication equipment (mobile satellite comminucation, shortwave radio, ultra short band radio stations), stationary and mobile decompression systems and other equipment, which allows operating autonomously.
The airmobile hospital is equipped with necessary equipment. The team also has at its disposal resuscitation modules for planes and helicopters for medical evacuation of the injured.
The Tsentrospas Team uses unmanned aerial vehicles to monitor the emergency zones and conducting of search operations.
The Tsentrospas team uses Global Radius unique technology. The Russian Emergencies Ministry’s Ilyushin Il-76TD plane delivers MBB Bo 105 light helicopter to the emergency zone to monitor the affected area and immediately assess the scale of an emergency, damage done to the environment and assess the scale of necessary relief operations. The Global Radius technology foresees simplified flight path approvals and VISAs for rescuers in order to provide fast dispatch of the team (3-hour readiness to take off). The Russian Emergencies Ministry also can deploy this technology in the emergency zones by the UN’s request.
- Order No.154(D) of the Government of the Russian Federation from 13 March 1992 on Establishment of the State Central Airmobile Rescue Team