Search and Rescue Service

The Search and Rescue Service of the Emergencies Ministry is the entity in charge of the Ministry of the Russian Federation for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (hereinafter the Emergencies Ministry of Russia) and is assigned for carrying out of the search and rescue operations in conditions of the emergency situations caused by natural disasters and man-caused emergencies.

The Search and Rescue Service (The SRS) of the Emergencies Ministry includes 8 Regional Search and Rescue Units (the RSRU), 38 branches (10 for search and rescue on water bodies), the Baikal SRS, the Tsentrospas Team, the Vytegra Arctic Training and Rescue Center, the Southern Horse and Search Dog Center (with branches in Gelendzhik, Arkhyz and Simferopol).

The SRS of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia also includes the control bodies of the service, the Search and Rescue Units (the SRU) and logistical units. Service, which has a regional search and rescue unit (the RSRU) in its structure, serves as the base in the region. The activities of the SRS of the Emergencies Ministry are regulated by the laws and regulations of the Russian Federation, regions of the Russian Federation regulations of the Emergencies Ministry and regional Centers for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters (hereinafter the Regional Center of the Emergencies Ministry) and the Statute of the SRS of the Emergencies Ministry.

All activities of the SRS of the Emergencies Ministry are directly controlled by the Regional Centers of the Emergencies Ministry in cooperation with control bodies of the executive authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation and local governing bodies, that specially competent in resolving of tasks in the field of protections of the population and territories, and which are included in the functional branch of the Single State Disaster Management System (hereinafter the SSDMS).

The SRS of the Emergencies Ministry is the legal entity that has the settlement account in banks, its own balance, stamp with its name and also can arrange deals, allowed by the legislation and that correspond to the activities and tasks of the SRS of the Emergencies Ministry.

Main tasks of the SRS of the Emergencies Ministry are:

To maintain constant preparedness of control bodies, personnel and equipment of search and rescue units to fulfill tasks;

To control preparedness of served facilities and territories for carrying out of activities aimed at mitigation of emergency situations;

To organize and carry out search and rescue operations in emergency situations caused by natural disasters and man-caused emergencies.

To fulfill tasks, set to the SRS of the Emergencies Ministry is able to:

- Create necessary material and technical resources;

- To develop documents for organizing and carrying out of search and rescue operations;

- To train, retrain, advance in skills employees of the search and rescue units of the SRS of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia;

- To prepare rescuers and search and rescue units for certification for right of carrying out of rescue and recovery operations;

- To carry out activities aimed at rehabilitation, social and legal protection of the employees of the search and rescue units of the SRS service of the Emergencies Ministry of Russia;

- To share experience of work with other, including international, rescue services and units;

- To participate in development of plans for prevention and mitigation of emergency situations together with executive authorities of the regions of the Russian Federation;

- To participate in training of volunteer-rescuers that participate in rescue and recovery operations;

- To participate in training of the population to react to emergency situations.

The full list of tasks and functions assigned to specific search and rescue units is defined by the regional centers, control bodies for Civil Defence and Emergencies Situations, after agreement with the Emergencies Ministry of Russia, in accordance their competencies and described in Statutes of these units.